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US and Indian standards for Biodiesel

Standards for Biodiesel ASTM D-6751 IS 15607 : 2005
Density Not Mentioned 860 - 900 Kg / m3
Ester Content Not Mentioned 96.5 %
Flash point (closed cup) 130C min. (150C average) 120C
Water and sediment 0.050% by vol., max. 500 mg / Kg, max.
Kinematic viscosity at 40C 1.9-6.0 mm2/s 2.5-6.0 mm2/s
Oxidation Stability Not Mentioned 6 hours min, at 110C
Ramsbottom carbon residue, % mass 0.10  
Sulfated ash 0.020% by mass, max.  
Sulfur 0.05% by mass, max. 50 mg / Kg max
Copper strip corrosion 3 hrs. 50C No. 3 max Class 1
Cetane Number 47 min. 51 min.
Carbon residue 0.050% by mass, max.  
Acid number, mg KOH/g 0.80 max. 0.50 max.
Methanol or Ethanol Not Mentioned 0.2 % m/m, max
Free glycerin 0.020 % mass 0.020 % mass
Total glycerine (free glycerine and unconverted glycerides combined) 0.24% by mass, max. 0.25% by mass, max.
Group I Metal (Na+K) 5 mg/Kg, max 5 mg/Kg, max
Group II Metal (Ca+Mg) Not Mentioned 5 mg/Kg, max
Phosphorus content 0.001 max. % mass 10 mg/Kg, max
Distillation 90% @ 360C Not Mentioned

International standards for Biodiesel

      AUSTRIA FRANCE GERMANY ITALY SWEDEN USA MBTI

Standard/
Specifications

Test
Value
Unit ON C1191 Journal Official DIN E 51606 UNI 10635 SS 15 54 36 D-6751~02  
Date     1 July 
1997
14 Sep 
1997
 Sep 
1997
21 April
1997
27 Nov
 1996
10Jan 
2002
August 
03
Application     FAME** VOME** FAME** VOME** VOME** FAME** FAME**
Density 15C g/cm3 0.85 - 0.89 0.87 - 0.90 0.875 - 0.90 0.86 - 0.90 0.87 - 0.90  -  -
Viscosity 40C mm2/s 3.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 5.0 3.5 - 5.0 1.9 - 6.0 4.473
Distillation I.B.P. C - - - >300 - - 339
Distillation 95% C - <360 - <360 - - 357
Flashpoint   C >100 >100 >110 >100 >100 >130 162
CFPP   C <0/-15 - <0/-10/-20 <0/-15 <-5 - -
Pour point summer C - <10 - - - - -
Total Sulphur   % Mass <0.02 - <0.01 <0.01 <0.001 - 0.0004
CCR 100% % Mass <0.05 - <0.05 - - 0.050 0.04
CCR 10% % Mass - <0.3 - <0.5 - - -
Sulphate ash   % Mass <0.02 - <0.03 - - <0.02 -
(Oxide) Ash   % Mass - - - <0.01 <0.01 - -
Water content   mg/kg - <200 <300 <700 <300 <300 0
Impurities total   mg/kg - - <20 - <20 - 0
Cetane Number   - >49 >49 >49 - >48 >47 52.9
Neutral No.   mg KOH/g <0.8 <0.3 <0.5 <0.5 <0.6 <0.80 0.23
Methanol content   % Mass <0.20 <0.1 <0.3 <0.2 <0.2 - -
Ester content   % Mass - >96.5 - >98 >98 - -
Monoglycides   % Mass - <0.8 <0.8 <0.8 <0.8 - -
Diglyceride   % Mass - <0.2 <0.4 <0.2 <0.1 - -
Triglyceride   % Mass - <0.2 <0.4 <0.1 <0.1 - -
Free glycerol   % Mass <0.02 <0.02 <0.02 <0.05 <0.02 0.020 0.003
Total glycerol   % Mass <0.24 <0.25 <0.25 - - 0.240 0.146
Iodine No.   - <120 <115 <115 - <125 - <120
Phosphor   mg/kg <20 <10 <10 <10 <10 <10 <10
Alkaline met. NA/K mg/kg - <5/5 <5 - <10/10 - -
**FAME: Fatty Acid Methyl Ester, **VOME: Vegetable Oil Methyl Ester

En 14214 - 2003 standards for Biodiesel

Property

Unit

Minimum

Maximum

Test Method

Ester Content

% (m/m)

96.5

 

pr EN 14103

Density @ 15C

kg/m2

860

900

EN ISO 3675
EN ISO 12185

Viscosity @ 40C

mm2

3.5

5.0

EN ISO 310

Flash Point

 C

Above 101

 

ISO / CD 3679

Sulfur Content

mg/Kg

 

10

 

Carbon Residue
(10% Bottoms)

% (m/m)

 

0.3

EN ISO 10370

Cetane Number

 

51.0

 

EN ISO 5165

Sulphated Ash Content

% (m/m)

 

0.02

ISO 3987

Water Content

mg/Kg

 

500

EN ISO 12937

Total Contamination

mg/Kg

 

24

EN 12662

Copper Strip Corrosion
(3hr @ 50C)

rating

Class 1

Class 1

EN ISO 2160

Thermal Stability

 

 

 

 

Oxidation Stability, 110C

hours

6

 

pr EN 14112

Acid Value

mg KOH/g

 

0.5

pr EN 14104

Iodine Value

 

 

120

pr EN 14111

Linolenic acid methyl ester

% (m/m)

 

12

pr EN 14103

Polyunsaturated (>= 4
double bonds) methyl esters

% (m/m)

 

1

 

Methanol Content

% (m/m)

 

0.2

pr EN 14110

Monoglyceride Content

% (m/m)

 

0.8

pr EN 14105

Diglyceride Content

% (m/m)

 

0.2

pr EN 14105

Triglyceride Content

% (m/m)

 

0.2

pr EN 14105

Free Glycerol

% (m/m)

 

0.02

pr EN 14105
pr EN 14106

Total Glycerol

% (m/m)

 

0.25

pr EN 14105

Alkaline Metals (Na + K)

mg/Kg

 

5

pr EN 14108
pr EN 14109

Phosphorus Content

mg/Kg

 

10

pr EN 14107

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